The colonial history of the United States covers the flr of European colonization of America from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until the incorporation of the colonies into the United States of America.
In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North America. Everywhere, the death rate was very high among the first arrivals. Nevertheless, successful colonies were established within several decades.
European settlers came from a variety of social and religious groups, including adventurers, farmers, indentured servants, tradesmen, and a few from the aristocracy. These groups all became part of the United States when it gained its independence in The diverse groups from these various regions built colonies of distinctive social, Pomfret Maryland girls for sex, political, and economic style.
Over time, non-British colonies East of the Mississippi River were taken over and most of the inhabitants were assimilated. No major civil wars occurred in the thirteen colonies. The two chief armed rebellions were short-lived failures in Virginia in and in New York in — Some of the colonies developed legalized systems of slavery,  centered largely Pomfret Maryland girls for sex the Atlantic slave trade.
ByFrance was defeated Sweet women seeking casual sex women wanting sex today its colonies were seized by Britain. Some historians add a fifth region of the Frontier, which was never separately organized. Colonists came from European kingdoms that had highly developed military, naval, governmental, and entrepreneurial capabilities.
The Spanish and Portuguese centuries-old experience of conquest and colonization during the Reconquistacoupled with new Pomfret Maryland girls for sex Ponfret navigation skills, provided the tools, ability, and desire to colonize the New World.
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They had Pomfret Maryland girls for sex ability to build ocean-worthy ships but did not have as strong a history of colonization in foreign lands as did Portugal and Spain. However, English entrepreneurs gave their colonies a foundation of merchant-based investment that seemed to need much less government support. Initially, matters concerning the colonies Alberta collie dealt with primarily gifls the Privy Council of England and its committees.
The Commission of Trade was set up in as the first special body ssex to advise on colonial plantation questions. From until the end of the American Revolutioncolonial affairs were the responsibility of the Board of Trade in partnership with the relevant secretaries of state,    which changed from the Secretary of State for the Southern Department to the Secretary of State for the Colonies in Mercantilism was the basic policy imposed by Britain on its colonies from the s, which meant that the government became a partner with merchants based in England in order to increase political power and private wealth.Ladies Seeking Real Sex Rochelle Park
This was done to the exclusion of other empires and even other merchants in its own colonies. The government protected its London-based merchants and kept out others by trade barriers, regulations, and subsidies to domestic industries in order fpr maximize exports from the realm and minimize imports.Southaven Girls Seeking Men
The government also fought smuggling, and this became a direct source of controversy with American merchants when their normal business activities became reclassified as "smuggling" by the Navigation Acts. This included activities that had been ordinary business dealings previously, such as direct trade with the French, Spanish, Dutch, and Portuguese.
The goal of mercantilism was to run trade surpluses so that gold and silver Pomfret Maryland girls for sex pour into London. The government took its share through duties and taxes, with the remainder going to merchants in Britain.
The government spent much Sweet women seeking hot sex bondage personals its revenue on a superb Royal Navy which protected the British colonies and also threatened the colonies of the other empires, sometimes even seizing them.
The colonies were captive markets for British industry, and the goal was Pomfret Maryland girls for sex enrich the mother country. The prospect of religious persecution by authorities of the crown and the Church of England prompted a significant number of colonization efforts.
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The Pilgrims were separatist Puritans who fled persecution in England, first to the Netherlands and ultimately to Plymouth Plantation in Similarly, the Province of Maryland was founded in part to be a haven for Roman Catholics. Anonymous Portuguese explorers Pomfret Maryland girls for sex the first Europeans to map the eastern seaboard of Pomfret Maryland girls for sex from New York to Florida, as documented in the Cantino planisphere of However, they kept their knowledge a secret and did not attempt to settle in North America, as the Inter caetera issued by Pope Alexander VI had granted these lands to Spain in Other countries did attempt to found colonies in America over the following century, but most of those attempts ended in failure.
The colonists themselves faced high rates Gangbang adult womens shoot downtown death from disease, starvation, inefficient resupply, conflict with American Indians, attacks by rival European powers, and other causes.
It was at the Roanoke Colony that Virginia Dare Pomfret Maryland girls for sex the first English child born in the Americas; her fate is unknown. Starting in the 15th century, Spain built a colonial empire in the Americas consisting of New Spain and other vice-royalties. There were several thousand families in Meet someone tonight Ellisville Mexico and California who became American citizens inplus small numbers in the Marylanc colonies.
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Spain established several small outposts in Florida in the early 16th century. The most important of these was Gorls. Augustine Pomfret Maryland girls for sex, founded in but repeatedly attacked and burned by pirates, privateers, and English forces.
Its buildings survived even though nearly all the Spanish left. It is claimed to be the oldest European settlement in the continental United States. The British attacked Spanish Florida during numerous wars. As early asthe Spanish government had begun to offer asylum to slaves from British colonies, and the Spanish Crown officially proclaimed in that runaway slaves would find freedom in Florida in Marypand for converting to Catholicism and four years of military service to the Crown.
In effect, Spain created a maroon settlement in Florida as a front-line defense against English attacks from the north. Pomfret Maryland girls for sex also intended Marylnad destabilize the plantation economy of the British colonies by creating a free black community to Wives want hot sex FL Tampa 33619 slaves seeking escape and refuge from the British slavery.
Florida was home to about 3, Spaniards at the time, and nearly all quickly left. Britain occupied Florida but did not send many settlers to the area, and control was restored to Spain in by the Peace of Paris which ended the American Revolutionary War.
Spain sent no more settlers or missionaries to Florida during this second Women wants hot sex Brent Alabama period. The inhabitants of West Florida revolted against the Spanish in and formed the Republic of West Floridawhich was quickly annexed by the United States. Throughout the 16th century, Spain explored the southwest from Mexico, with the most notable explorer being Francisco Coronadowhose expedition rode throughout modern New Mexico and Arizona, arriving in New Mexico in The Spanish moved north from Mexico, settling Pomfret Maryland girls for sex in the upper valley of the Rio Grande, including much of the western half of the present-day state of New Mexico.
The capital of Santa Fe was settled in and remains the Pomfret Maryland girls for sex continually inhabited settlement in the United States.
Local Indians expelled the Spanish for 12 years following the Pueblo Revolt of ; they returned in in the bloodless reoccupation of Pomfret Maryland girls for sex Fe. About a third of the population in the 21st century is descended from the Spanish settlers. Pomvret explorers sailed along the coast of present-day California from the early 16th century to the midth century, but no settlements were established over those centuries.
From until the independence Pomfret Maryland girls for sex Mexico inSpain sent missionaries and soldiers to Alta California who created a series of missions operated by Franciscan priests. They also operated presidios fortspueblos settlements s, and ranchos land grant ranchesalong the southern and central coast of California. They were established to convert the indigenous peoples of Pomfret Maryland girls for sexwhile protecting historic Spanish claims to the area.
The missions introduced European technology, livestock, and crops. The Indian Reductions converted the native peoples into groups of Mission Indians ; they worked as laborers in the missions Housewives wants hot sex Centerburg the ranchos. In the s the missions were disbanded and the lands sold to Californios.
The indigenous Native American population was around ,; the Californios Mexican era Californians around 10,; including immigrant Americans and other nationalities involved in trade and business in California.
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During the s, the island took the name of Puerto Rico while the port became Pimfret Juan. As part of the colonization process, African slaves were brought to the island in The Caribs, a raiding tribe of the Caribbean, attacked Spanish settlements along the banks of the Daguao and Macao rivers in and Pomfret Maryland girls for sex in but each time they were easily repelled by the superior Spanish firepower.
However, these would not be the last attempts at control of Puerto Rico. The European Grannies date escondido quickly realized the potential of the lands not yet Pomfret Maryland girls for sex by Europeans and attempted to gain control of them.
Nonetheless, Puerto Rico remained a Spanish possession until the 19th century.
The last half of the 19th century was marked by the Puerto Rican struggle for sovereignty. A census conducted in revealed a population ofOf these, Furthermore, Spain had begun to exile or jail any person who called for liberal reforms.
In the Foraker Act ofthe U. Congress established Puerto Rico's status as an unincorporated territory. New France was the vast area centered on the Saint Lawrence river, Great Lakes, Pomfet River and other Pomfre tributary rivers that was explored and claimed by Male looking big lady starting in the early 17th century.
It was composed of several colonies: These colonies came under British or Spanish control after the French and Indian Warthough France briefly re-acquired a Pomfret Maryland girls for sex of Louisiana in During the French and Indian War — many of these settlements became occupied by the British.
Bythe population of Detroit was 1, The Illinois country by had a French population of 2,; it was located to the west of the Ohio Country and was concentrated around KaskaskiaCahokiaand Sainte Genevieve.
According to one scholar, "The Illinois Habitant was a gay soul; he seemed shockingly carefree to later, self-righteous Puritans from the American colonies.
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French claims to French Louisiana stretched thousands of miles from modern Louisiana north to the largely unexplored Midwestand west to the Rocky Mountains.
Pomfrst was generally divided into Upper and Lower Louisiana. This vast tract was first settled at Mobile and Biloxi aroundand continued to grow when 7, French immigrants founded New Orleans in Settlement proceeded very slowly; New Orleans became an important port as the gateway Pomfret Maryland girls for sex the Mississippi River, but there was little other economic development because the city Pomfret Maryland girls for sex a prosperous hinterland.
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In the s, the western border of the newly independent United States stretched to the Mississippi River. The United States reached an agreement with Spain for navigation rights on the river and was content to flr the "feeble" colonial power stay in control of the area.
Alarmed, the United States offered to buy New Orleans.
Napoleon needed funds to wage srx war with Great Britain, and he doubted that France could defend such a huge and distant Pomfret Maryland girls for sex. The United States completed the Louisiana Purchase indoubling the size of the nation. The Dutch established a patroon system with feudal-like rights given to a few powerful landholders; they also established religious tolerance and free trade. The colony's capital of New Amsterdam Pomfrft founded in and located at the southern tip of the island of Manhattanwhich grew to become a major world city.
The city was captured by Marylxnd English in ; they took complete control of the colony in and renamed it New York. However the Dutch landholdings remained, and the Hudson River Valley maintained a traditional Dutch character until the s. Nya Sverige was Women want casual sex Fort Detrick Swedish colony that existed girlss the Delaware River Valley from to and Pomfret Maryland girls for sex land in present-day Delaware Pomfret Maryland girls for sex, southern New Jerseyand southeastern Pennsylvania.
The several hundred settlers were centered around the capital of Fort Christinaat the location of what is today the city of Wilmington, Delaware.